Weaving yarns #A to Z Challenge

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Weaving Yarns.

Over the past three weeks, I’ve learnt a lot about the different kinds of weaves from India. It has been an interesting journey for me and I hope it has been equally interesting for you. Each and every part of India has a different weaving tradition. In Bengal we have fine cottons like Tangail, Baluchari and Jamdani. From the Eastern states we have Mung Silk, Bomkai and Sambalpuri Ikkat. Kanjeevaram, Dharmavaram, Gadwal, Narayanpeth from the South . Riotous colours in Ikkat weaves from Gujarat.

Our textiles are tied and dyed, woven with gold thread , printed and embroidered. We have an ancient tradition that can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilisation.

Indeed, the discovery of needles and bits of cloth among the ruins of Harappa and Mohen-jo-daro  prove that.


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Image source Wikipedia

Warp and  Weft

But did you know the basics of weaving?

  • Weaving is done on a loom or frame
  • Weaving refers to process by which the horizontal thread is passed through the fixed vertical threads.
  • The thread along the length of the fabric is called the Warp
  • The thread that is passed through the Warp along the breadth of the fabric is called the Weft.
  • The texture of the fabric depends on the Yarn or fibre used to make the cloth
  • Patterns of the  are woven along the weft with coloured or pre-dyed yarn according to a template.
  • Blended textiles are made of a different yarn for the warp and a different yarn for the weft
  • Weaving done by hand is known as Handloom
  • Cloth is also woven by machines and is known as Powerloom textiles



  • The fibre that makes up the yarn determines the kind of textile. E.g. Cotton textiles are made of cotton.
  • Natural fibres like cotton, silk, linen, jute, hemp, cashmere and wool are spun into Yarn which is then used for weaving
  • Of late bamboo and even wood pulp ( viscose )  and wool are spun into Yarn which is then used for weaving.
  • Synthetic fibres used in weaving are chemically made  like nylon, polyester, acrylic, nylon, rayon, acetate, spandex, latex, Orlon and Kevlarute.

We weave cloth out of yarn that is spun from fibres and make textiles for use in every day life.

In the words of  the modern day American poet Vachel Lindsay

[Tweet “Life is a loom, weaving illusion.”]

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I’m participating in the #A to Z Challenge 2017 with thousands of other bloggers from all over the world.

Author: Unishta

A granny who always sees the humour in life and tries to do things differently. When others make cupcakes, this granny makes banana fritters. When she’s not busy chasing her grandchildren who love making her run around, she indulges in her passions of reading, writing, meeting friends and watching movies. And somewhere between all this she enjoys travelling and cooking!


  1. I remembered my notes from my textile designing days in college, Sunita!
    I have missed reading some of your posts from last week. Will read them now that I am feeling better. And, yes, I loved the quote! 🙂 <3

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